Indoor gardening requires certain infrastructure for the plants to grow well and get the right environment. The first aspect to consider is lighting. If the plants do not get right lighting they tend to grow thin, tall and weak and might not survive at all. Hence it is best to place your indoor plants on a south facing the window that is sunny. Otherwise, you will find your indoor plants to be struggling. You might also need to supplement such natural light sources with grow lights.
These usually come in different forms. Remember that grow lights are much more than mere bulbs. You could also opt for complete grow light kits. These comprise of ballasts, cords, and reflectors. You also need to note the light color. The whiteness is measured by Kelvin units or K. when the degree of Kelvin is high, the light is cooler and bluer whereas when the degree is lower, it appears to be more red or warm. A blue light will encourage bushy and vegetative growth, whereas red light helps in flowering. It is best to opt for lights that are in the range of 4000 to 6000 K which are called full spectrum lights. These can produce warm and cool light colors which are closer to natural sunlight.
The incandescent light bulb might be an easy and inexpensive choice but remember that these are not efficient options if your indoor gardening space does not get adequate sunlight. These bulbs usually produce less heat and more light; as a result, they are not recommended for growing plants.
Fluorescent lights are also a popular choice for some home gardeners which are also easily found among indoor light fixtures. These, however, produce more light as compared to incandescent lights and hence, you would find them effective in small spaces where you have been growing greens or have pots with seeds recently planted. However, if you are trying to grow plants that bear fruits like tomatoes or squashes, such light would not be effective enough.
In commercial greenhouses, high-intensity discharge lights are used which can create light of a greater intensity and are more energy efficient as compared to fluorescent lights.
You can choose as per space and size you wish to cover when it comes to growing plants in your home or an enclosed space. Keep in mind that the kind of plants you grow would also determine the amount or intensity of indoor lighting you need.